-- 미국대학교수와 공동연구(collaboration)를 하는 경우 발명 및 IP 관련 계약조항 --

 

기업이 대학교수와 산학협동연구를 진행하여 발명을 완성한 경우 원칙적으로 그 발명은 직무발명에 해당합니다. 우리나라 기업이 미국대학교수 또는 미국공공연구기관의 연구원과 공동연구를 하는 경우에도 그 결과물은 미국법과 한국법에 따라 직무발명으로 평가될 것입니다. 직무발명에 대한 지적재산권은 당사자 계약만으로 결정할 수 없습니다. 미국에서는 정부예산이 투입된 대학연구 프로젝트에 대해서는 Bayh-Dole Act 등 특별법의 규율을 받고, 원칙적으로 대학의 소유에 속합니다. 따라서, 미국대학교수가 연구결과물에 대한 권리를 임의로 공동연구의 당사자인 기업에게 양도할 수 없습니다. 이와 같은 기본적 법적 구도에서 미국대학교수와 공동연구를 진행할 때 사용하는 표준적인 계약조항 예문을 소개하면 다음과 같습니다.

 

X. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS


X.1. Ownership of Research Program Inventions.

Research Program Inventions conceived, discovered and reduced to practice by University, or its employees, agents or students will be owned by University.

Research Program Inventions conceived, discovered and reduced to practice by Collaborator, or its employees, or agents, will be owned by Collaborator (Collectively, "Sole Inventions").

Research Program Inventions conceived, discovered and reduced to practice by at least one employee, agent, or student of each of University and Collaborator will be owned by University and Collaborator, without any obligation to account to one another ("Joint Inventions").

Inventorship will be determined according to the principles of United States patent law. Neither party shall make any claim to the other party’s Sole Inventions.

 

X.2 Pre-Existing Rights.

Except to the limited extent required to perform a party’s obligations under this Agreement, neither party receives any right, title, or interest in or to any Research Materials provided to it by the other party or any technology, works or inventions of the other party that are not Research Program Inventions, or any patent, copyright, trade secret or other proprietary rights in any of the foregoing.

 

X.3 Licensing.

Each party reserves the right to license its interest in its Sole Inventions or Joint Inventions, and neither party shall have any right to compensation in connection with any such license granted by the other

 

X.4 Rights Subject to Federal Patent Policy.

To the extent that any Research Program Invention has been partially funded by the Federal government, the assignment of title or the granting of any license above is subject to the rights of the Federal government and federal law set forth in 35 U.S.C. §§ 200 et. seq., as amended, and the regulations promulgated thereunder, as amended, or any successor statutes or regulations (the "Federal Patent Policy"). Any right granted in this Agreement greater than that permitted under the Federal Patent Policy will be modified as may be required to conform to the provisions of the Federal Patent Policy.

 

당사자는 위 예문을 수정하거나 변경할 수는 있지만 그 기본적 구조는 변경할 수 없습니다. 예를 들어, 한국기업이 미국대학교수가 연구자로 참여하는 공동연구 프로젝트에 관한 연구비 전액을 지원하는 경우에도 그 결과물에 관한 특허권을 한국기업이 단독으로 소유한다고 정할 수 없습니다. 관련 미국법에 반하는 것으로서 그 효력을 인정받기 어렵습니다. 따라서, 필요하다면 미국대학교수의 특허받을 권리를 대학에 양도한 후, 그 대학으로부터 한국기업이 그 권리를 양수하거나 라이선스를 받는 절차를 밟아야 합니다.

 

위와 같은 라이선스를 위한 조항을 공동연구 계약서에 미리 규정하는 것은 바람직합니다. 공동연구 당사자 기업에게 우선권을 부여한다는 조항의 예문은 다음과 같습니다.

 

X.1. University hereby grants to A company an exclusive option to negotiate an exclusive (subject to University’s internal right to use such Invention for research, academic and patient care purposes), royalty-bearing license to any Invention in which University has an ownership interest, provided that A company pays all patent expenses for such Invention in the event A company exercises its option.

 

X.2. A company must exercise its option to negotiate a license to any Invention by notifying University in writing within thirty (30) days of University disclosing such Invention to A company (the “Option Period”).

 

X.3. If A company fails to timely exercise its option within the Option Period with respect to any Invention, A company’s right to negotiate a license agreement with respect to such Invention will automatically terminate, and University will be free to negotiate and enter into a license with any other party.

 

X.4. If A company timely exercises its option, the terms of the license shall be negotiated in good faith within ninety (90) days of the date such option is exercised, or within such time the parties may mutually agree in writing (the “Negotiation Period”).

 

X.5. If, however, A company timely exercises its option, but University and A company are unable to agree upon the terms of the license during the Negotiation Period, A company’s right to license such Invention will terminate, and University will be free to enter into a license with any other party.

 

X.6. If A company does not obtain an exclusive, royalty-bearing license to any Invention, then in accordance with applicable law, University shall grant an equivalent non-exclusive, royalty-free license to such Invention to any person requesting a license to such Invention.


*첨부파일: Collaboration_Agreement_Template

Collaboration_Agreement_Template.pdf

작성일시 : 2014. 1. 8. 16:18
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